Volume 17 Number 7 April 7, 2016

Generalists To Specialists: Transformative Evidences and Impediments to Student-centered Practices of Primary Music and Art Teachers in Singapore

Pamela Costes-Onishi
National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Imelda Caleon
National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Citation: Costes-Onishi, P. & Caleon, I. (2016). Generalists to specialists: Transformative evidences and impediments to student-centered practices of primary music and art teachers in Singapore. International Journal of Education & the Arts, 17(7). Retrieved from http://www.ijea.org/v17n7/.


This article fills in the knowledge gap in the student-centered practices of generalist music and art teachers to prepare 21st century learners. The study shows that generalists, after completing a specialist professional development program, struggle the most in connecting subject matter knowledge to pedagogical knowledge, specifically student-centered classroom pedagogy. The study confirms previous literature on the shortfall of professional development training in adequately preparing generalists in the arts and supports the recommendations that advisory teachers and continuous professional development support are needed to increase the self-efficacy of generalists.

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